Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology

LETTERS TO EDITOR
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 564--565

Un-“Mask”-ing the leak


Karthik V Iyer, BS Mrudula, Devalina Goswami 
 Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Karthik V Iyer
Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, AB8, 8th Floor, Ward Block, AIIMS, New Delhi - 110 029
India




How to cite this article:
Iyer KV, Mrudula B S, Goswami D. Un-“Mask”-ing the leak.J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020;36:564-565


How to cite this URL:
Iyer KV, Mrudula B S, Goswami D. Un-“Mask”-ing the leak. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Apr 21 ];36:564-565
Available from: https://www.joacp.org/text.asp?2020/36/4/564/307189


Full Text

Dear Editor,

Mask ventilation is an essential skill that is necessary to be mastered during anesthesia residency, and it is important for a resident to know the various ways in which he/she can improve mask ventilation.[1] An improper mask size, improper technique of mask-holding, or patient's facial features may contribute to difficult mask ventilation. An excessive leak (as manifested by an audible leak or inadequate filling of the bag) is often a sign of inadequate mask ventilation and can compromise oxygenation of the patient.

We report a case of air leak during bag-mask ventilation in the rural outreach center affiliated to our institute. The patient had no features of difficult mask ventilation. An appropriately sized anatomical face mask was used for bag-mask ventilation. Despite a flow of 6 L/min and an appropriate technique of mask holding, the bag was filling inadequately. It got corrected with increasing the flow to 10 L/min. After intubation, no leak was noticed during ventilation. The machine check, prior to taking up the patient, showed no evidence of a leak. On closer inspection, the mask showed a cut between the apex and body of the mask [Figure 1].{Figure 1}

Wear and tear after multiple usages might have contributed to the tearing of the mask at this junction. Also, a quick eye-balling method of inspection might have missed this torn area of the mask because of it being hidden under the retaining hook. Machine preuse check recommendations help rule out a leak in the breathing circuit.[2] However, the mask and other airway devices, such as supraglottic devices and endotracheal tubes, are not checked during the machine leak test. At least one previous correspondence showcased the limitation of the preuse check by describing an unusual cause for leak, which was from a likely manufacturing defect in the endotracheal tube.[3] This case reiterates that it is important to physically check all airway equipment prior to use.

Financial support and sponsorship

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Dorsch JA, Dorsch SE. Understanding Anesthesia Equipment. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2008.
2Recommendations for Pre-Anesthesia Checkout Procedures. Sub-committee of ASA committee on equipment and facilities, 2008. Available from: http://www.asahq.org/For-Members/Clinical-Information/2008-ASA-Recommendations-for-PreAnesthesia-Checkout.aspx. [Last accessed on 2019 May 21].
3Singh PM, Kaur M, Rewari V. An unusual site of leak in anaesthesia circuit. Anesth Essays Res 2012;6:111.