Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 224--228

Thoracic combined spinal epidural anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A feasibility study


Nandita Mehta, Mohd Reidwan Dar, Shikha Sharma, Kuldeep Singh Mehta 
 Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Sidhra, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Nandita Mehta
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Sidhra - 180 017, Jammu and Kashmir
India

Background and Aims: The use of regional anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been reserved for patients who are at high-risk under general anesthesia (GA). The aim of this study was to assess whether thoracic combined spinal epidural (CSE) anesthesia is a feasible option for American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Material and Methods: Thirty ASA physical status I and II patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy received thoracic CSE anesthesia at T9-T10 or T10-T11 interspinous space using the midline approach. Two ml of isobaric levobupivacaine 0.5% with 25 μg of fentanyl was given intrathecally. Results: Surgery was conducted successfully in all except one patient. Thoracic CSE was performed at T9-T10 interspace in 25 patients and T10-T11 interspace in five patients. Paresthesia occurred in two patients (6.6%) transiently on Whitacre needle insertion that disappeared spontaneously. Dural puncture on epidural needle insertion occurred in one patient, and intrathecal placement of epidural catheter occurred in one. Ten patients (33%) complained of shoulder pain. Conversion to GA was done in one patient due to severe shoulder pain and anxiety. Hypotension occurred in 11 patients (36%) and all responded to single dose of mephenteramine 6 mg and fluid bolus. Bradycardia occurred in six patients (20%) which was managed in all with a single dose of atropine. Conclusion: Thoracic CSE anesthesia can be used effectively for ASA I and II patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy with significant postoperative benefits.


How to cite this article:
Mehta N, Dar MR, Sharma S, Mehta KS. Thoracic combined spinal epidural anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A feasibility study.J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2016;32:224-228


How to cite this URL:
Mehta N, Dar MR, Sharma S, Mehta KS. Thoracic combined spinal epidural anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A feasibility study. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Jun 14 ];32:224-228
Available from: https://www.joacp.org/article.asp?issn=0970-9185;year=2016;volume=32;issue=2;spage=224;epage=228;aulast=Mehta;type=0