Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 572--573

Nasopharyngeal airway as an aid to remove i-gel™ after endotracheal intubation through the device


Indu Sen, Neeraj Bhardwaj, YS Latha 
 Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Indu Sen
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, PO Box No. 1519, PGI Campus, Sector -12-A, Chandigarh - 160 012
India




How to cite this article:
Sen I, Bhardwaj N, Latha Y S. Nasopharyngeal airway as an aid to remove i-gel™ after endotracheal intubation through the device .J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2014;30:572-573


How to cite this URL:
Sen I, Bhardwaj N, Latha Y S. Nasopharyngeal airway as an aid to remove i-gel™ after endotracheal intubation through the device . J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Feb 26 ];30:572-573
Available from: https://www.joacp.org/text.asp?2014/30/4/572/142870


Full Text

Sir,

Supra-glottic airway device, i-gel TM , is available in different sizes and has been used as a conduit for endotracheal intubation with or without fiberoptic assistance. [1] After tracheal intubation through i-gel TM , safe removal of device will ensure proper fixation of endotracheal tube. Though conventional Intubating LMA is supplied with a silicone pusher to remove the device, no such aid is available with this airway. Sharma et al. described difficulty in removing the i-gel after endotracheal intubation. [2] Gabbot et al. suggested use of silicone pusher from the ILMA set to remove i gel. [3] Other authors have described use of esophageal dilator and 'Tube within the tube Assembly' to remove the device. [4],[5]

We propose that Nasopharyngeal airway (NPA) serves as a useful aid to remove i-gel [Figure 1]. The clinical utility of NPA as a device to remove i-gel was evaluated in 20 ASA I-II adults (12 females/8 males) with normal airways where we electively used the i-gel to intubate the trachea in anesthetized and paralyzed patients. In 17 patients (85%), the device could be successfully inserted in the first attempt and in the remaining three patients, a second attempt was required. Correct placement of the device was confirmed by monitoring EtCO 2 tracing and by bilateral auscultation of chest. Endotracheal intubation through the i-gel airway was successful in 13 patients (65%) in the first attempt. In another three patients (15%), ETT could be successfully placed in the second attempt. In the remaining four (20%) patients, after two unsuccessful attempts, ETT was inserted using direct larygoscopy. The hemodynamic parameters like heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure were well maintained perioperatively. In all 16 patients with successful intubation through the i-gel, size six NPA was used to remove the device. There were no complications like gagging, laryngospasm, bronchospasm or obstruction during insertion or removal of igel. These observations are comparable to the results of a study conducted by Halwagi et al., where first attempt success rate was 69% for i-gel group and 74% for ILMA group, and the overall success rate was 73% for i-gel group and 91 % for ILMA group.

To summarize, ILMA is specifically designed for endotracheal intubation, and silicone pusher facilitates safe removal of device after intubation. But, it is expensive, supplied in adult sizes only, and may not be available in emergency suites. On the contrary, igel TM is a cost-effective, single-use, disposable supraglottic airway device, which is available in different sizes in the difficult airway cart. It's favorable alignment with the glottic inlet permits endotracheal intubation through the device, though the success rate is variable in the limited published data available. [6],[7] Further trials are needed to find out the methods of improving endotracheal intubation success rate through the device and to validate the proposed technique of using NPA for safe removal of device after successful intubation.{Figure 1}

References

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2Sharma S, Scott S, Rogers R, Popat M. The i-Gel airway for ventilation and rescue intubation. Anaesthesia 2007;62:419-20.
3Gabbott DA, Beringer R. The iGel supraglottic airway: A potential role for resuscitation? Resuscitation 2007;73:161-2.
4Jain A, Mangal K, Jindal A. Esophageal dilator as a substitute for the custom stylet to remove the intubating laryngeal airway after tracheal intubation in children. Can J Anaesth 2011;58:480-1.
5Chaudhary K, Gupta L, Bhadoria P. "I-Gel removal made easy: A 'Tube within the Tube' assembly," E-Letter BJA, Oxford, 2011.
6Halwagi AE, Massicotte N, Lallo A, Gauthier A, Boudreault D, Ruel M, et al. Tracheal intubation through the I-gel TM supraglottic airway versus the LMA Fastrach TM . Anesth Analg 2012;114:152-6.
7Sastre JA, López T, Garzón JC. Blind tracheal intubation through two supraglottic devices: i-gel versus Fastrach intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA). Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 2012;59:71-6.