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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 381-386

Obstetric critical care requirements felt by the obstetricians: An experience-based study

1 Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, PGIMER, Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, PGIMS, Rohtak, Rajasthan, India
3 Intern MGMC, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyoti Sharma
H.NO. 313, First Floor, Sector 14, Rohtak - 124 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_310_15

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Background and Aims: Pregnancy is a state of physiological stress to a woman's health. Concomitant complications and infections during pregnancy may necessitate intensive monitoring and management of such patients in critical care settings. This study aims to determine the perceptions about the requirement of obstetric critical care based on the experience of obstetricians. Material and Methods: An observational, questionnaire-based study was conducted in 200 obstetricians working in various settings, who were approached during obstetric conferences. The questionnaire consisted of twenty items and was designed to determine the views of obstetricians, based on their clinical experience, regarding problems at the time of medical or surgical crisis in obstetric patients due to nonavailability of the intensive care services. Results: Seventeen percent of the participating obstetricians had a facility of dedicated obstetric Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at their institution. In the opinion of 62% of the respondents, ICU bed was made available in cases of crisis. Forty-two percent of the obstetricians reported that it took <10 min for the intensivist to reach the critically ill parturient. According to 32% of respondents, the intensivist could not reach within 20 min. There was a delay of more than 30 min in providing critical care services according to almost half (49%) of the respondents. Postpartum hemorrhage (24%) was the leading cause of ICU admission, followed by pregnancy-induced hypertension (14%) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (12%). A majority (87%) of the obstetricians were strongly in favor of a dedicated obstetric ICU. Conclusions: Need for a dedicated obstetric ICU is felt by most of the obstetricians to improve patient care.

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