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LETTERS TO EDITOR
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 131-132

In response to: Comparison of paravertebral and interpleural block in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy


Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Date of Web Publication15-Mar-2017

Correspondence Address:
Sulagna Bhattacharjee
Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9185.168161

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How to cite this article:
Maitra S, Baidya DK, Bhattacharjee S. In response to: Comparison of paravertebral and interpleural block in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2017;33:131-2

How to cite this URL:
Maitra S, Baidya DK, Bhattacharjee S. In response to: Comparison of paravertebral and interpleural block in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2017 Mar 28];33:131-2. Available from: http://www.joacp.org/text.asp?2017/33/1/131/168161

Sir,

We have gone through the above mentioned clinical study by Kundra et al.[1] with great interest. It has potentiality to enrich the knowledge about role of regional anesthesia/analgesia in cancer surgical patients. Recently, it has been found that paravertebral block (PVB) in comparison to general anesthesia can reduce cytokine response of breast cancer surgery.[2] Use of sole regional anesthesia technique may even reduce the chance of cancer recurrence.[3] However, we would like to comment about few issues here:

Firstly, the authors did not mention whether any procedure related complications had occurred in any of the study group patients. Both of these techniques can give rise to pneumothorax, which at times may of clinical significance. Horner syndrome has also been reported with PVB. The reported incidence of complications [4] of PVB as follows: Hypotension: 4.6%; vascular puncture: 3.8%; pleural puncture: 1.1%; pneumothorax: 0.5%. Bronchospasm has been reported after interpleural analgesia also.[5]

Secondly, the authors have opined that interpleural block may be ineffective in providing analgesia during axillary lymph node dissection. But whether there were hemodynamic responses in patients belonging to inter pleural blocks group during axillary dissection? Time of requirement of intra-operative fentanyl can also be helpful in this regard.

Thirdly, use of postoperative patient-controlled analgesia would have reflected opioid consumption more accurately. Moreover, the study may not be adequately powered to detect any difference in postoperative opioid consumption also. The authors have estimated sample size of the study by the difference in quality of block and they defined “failed block” on the basis of fentanyl requirement intra-operatively, morphine during first 4 h postoperatively and diclofenac (before the scheduled dose at 6 p.m.). We think that expressing pain as a “binary outcome” does not seem logical.

Authors concluded that reduction in postoperative pain and opioid consumption may be translated in to a reduction of postoperative pulmonary morbidity. However in this study, there was no control group and hence it is impossible to determine whether either study technique actually reduces postoperative opioid consumption in comparison to a multimodal analgesic regimen. Breast surgeries are not considered to be risk factor for postoperative pulmonary complications (POPC) and actual incidence of POPC after breast surgeries is also unknown. Hence, benefits of regional analgesia technique in terms of respiratory morbidity in these patients cannot be determined here. The authors have commented that “Concomitant use of regional blocks can not only help to minimize pain, but also improves the pulmonary function and reduce narcotic requirement during the perioperative period;” however, none of the article cited [6],[7] there has made any conclusion regarding pulmonary function.

Despite of a few limitations, we believe that this study will harbinger a new era of clinical research in the field of breast cancer surgeries.

 
  References Top

1.
Kundra P, Varadharajan R, Yuvaraj K, Vinayagam S. Comparison of paravertebral and interpleural block in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2013;29:459-64.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
2.
Sultan SS. Paravertebral block can attenuate cytokine response when it replaces general anesthesia for cancer breast surgeries. Saudi J Anaesth 2013;7:373-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
3.
Exadaktylos AK, Buggy DJ, Moriarty DC, Mascha E, Sessler DI. Can anesthetic technique for primary breast cancer surgery affect recurrence or metastasis? Anesthesiology 2006;105:660-4.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Lönnqvist PA, MacKenzie J, Soni AK, Conacher ID. Paravertebral blockade. Failure rate and complications. Anaesthesia 1995;50:813-5.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Sudhakar S, Kundra P, Madhurima S, Ravishankar M. Unilateral bronchospasm following interpleural analgesia with bupivacaine. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2005;49:104-5.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Schnabel A, Reichl SU, Kranke P, Pogatzki-Zahn EM, Zahn PK. Efficacy and safety of paravertebral blocks in breast surgery: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Br J Anaesth 2010;105:842-52.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Boughey JC, Goravanchi F, Parris RN, Kee SS, Kowalski AM, Frenzel JC, et al. Prospective randomized trial of paravertebral block for patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. Am J Surg 2009;198:720-5.  Back to cited text no. 7
    




 

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